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Gatekeeper Contract and Vendor Management Glossary

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Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)

The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) is a division of the U.S. Department of the Treasury responsible for administering and enforcing economic and trade sanctions against foreign countries, organisations, and individuals. OFAC is responsible for implementing and enforcing U.S. government sanctions programs, including those related to terrorism, narcotics trafficking, and weapons proliferation.

Businesses that operate internationally, including financial institutions, exporters, importers, and other businesses engaged in cross-border transactions, are required to comply with OFAC regulations. Failure to comply with OFAC regulations can result in significant financial and reputational damage, as well as legal consequences.

Here are some steps businesses can take to comply with OFAC regulations:

  1. Screen customers and transactions: Businesses must screen their customers and transactions against the OFAC sanctions lists to ensure they are not doing business with sanctioned individuals, entities, or countries.

  2. Conduct due diligence: Businesses should conduct due diligence on their customers, suppliers, and other partners to identify potential sanctions risks. This includes verifying the identity of customers and assessing their risk levels.

  3. Establish internal controls: Businesses should establish internal controls to prevent and detect transactions that may violate OFAC regulations. This includes policies and procedures for customer due diligence, transaction monitoring, and reporting suspicious activities.

  4. Train employees: Businesses should provide regular training to employees on OFAC regulations and procedures to ensure they understand their obligations and responsibilities.

  5. Maintain records: Businesses must maintain accurate and up-to-date records of all customer information, transactions, and sanctions compliance activities to ensure they can be easily accessed if needed for audit or regulatory purposes.